Algae of terrestrial biotopes near the Russian Antarctic scientific station Bellingshausen, King George Island

  • Andrey Burdo Department for Applied Ecology, Faculty of Biology, Saint Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab., 7–9, Saint Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation
  • Valentina Nikitina Department for Applied Ecology, Faculty of Biology, Saint Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab., 7–9, Saint Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7041-7539
  • Evgeny Abakumov Department of Applied Ecology, Faculty of Biology, Saint Petersburg State University, 16th Liniya V. O., 29, Saint Petersburg, 199178, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5248-9018

Abstract

The biodiversity of algae of anthropogenically and technogenically disturbed terrestrial biotopes at the Bellingshausen Station of King George Island has been revealed. Fifty-three species of algae from five divisions were detected. Representatives of the cyanobacteria division dominated in the biotope studied. Almost all species belong to benthic forms, which corresponds well with the nature and origin of the biotopes. Differences in the composition of algocoenoses which developed on ornithogenic, mineral or anthropogenically polluted substrates were noted and characterized. The features of participation of different morphological types of algae in the process of organic mat formation have been emphasized. The biotopes of polar station surroundings were characterized by the dominance of cyanobacteria. Endemic species were not found.

Keywords:

Antarctica, King George Island, algae, terrestrial biotopes, algal flora, biodiversity

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Published
2019-10-30
How to Cite
Burdo, A., Nikitina, V., & Abakumov, E. (2019). Algae of terrestrial biotopes near the Russian Antarctic scientific station Bellingshausen, King George Island. Biological Communications, 64(3), 189–200. https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu03.2019.303
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