The two main types of submissions are “Full communication” (a full length article up to 60 thousand characters with multiple illustrative items, up to 6 figures and 4 tables) and “Brief communication” (short notes of important findings up to 15 thousand characters with 1−2 display items at maximum). “Review communications” and “Hypotheses/Theoretical communications” are currently by invitation only.
The structure of the manuscript should be standard, widely accepted in scientific literature (but note possible differences for paleontological or review papers). If the manuscript was previously submitted to another journal, but not accepted, we encourage the authors to notice this fact and the journal title in the cover letter and supply us with the corresponding reviews and decision letter from the editor of that journal. The main text should be in Word format with the lines and pages numbered throughout the manuscript. A preferable format for figures at initial submission — all figures are numbered and in one low resolution Adobe pdf file. Following these recommendations will allow fast and efficient review process.
Title page must include: Title, complete names of the author and co-authors with the title of the position held by the author, institutional affiliation and contact information (e-mail addresses). ORCID ID and Researcher IDs of all authors should be provided for correct analysis of the journal citation metrics. Funding information should be given also at the title page, not in the “Acknowledgments” section of the manuscript. This should be followed by the statement: “The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.” Abstract of about 200−250 words and up to 10 keywords in English should be provided on a separate page.
Figures should be prepared with adequate resolution (300 dpi minimum) and in one of the following formats: JPG or TIF with a RGB/grayscale (100 × 100 mm minimum). Dashed figures (drawings, graphs, charts, diagrams) should be submitted in a black-and-white AI, EPS or CDR format; legends in figures should be 9-point Times New Roman or Symbol.
Tables must be titled in a manner that sufficiently describes their contents and include a detailed legend immediately following the title; each column in a table should have a heading; the table should be placed directly after the paragraph which refers to it; the text format in tables should be 9-point Times New Roman or Symbol.
Formulas and equations should be submitted in a regular MS Word plug-in, via MathType, or in the Equation Editor in OpenOffice Math. Footnotes are not recommended.
References: The recommended number of references is 30 for Brief Communications, 50−100 for Full Communications, and may include 200 items for Review and Theoretical Communications, but in no case may exceed 300 since they otherwise can not be all displayed at the article page as metadata. Exceptions should be discussed with the Editor-in-Chief prior to submission and well reasoned. References should be prepared according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA, 6th edition). This means in text citations should follow the author-date method whereby the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, for example, (Jones 1998). The complete reference list should appear alphabetically by name at the end of the paper. A sample of the most common entries in reference lists appears below. We recommend that a DOI is provided for all references where available.
Beers, S. R., and De Bellis, M. D. 2002. Neuropsychological function in children with maltreatment-related posttraumatic stress disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry 159:483−486. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.159.3.483
Bradley-Johnson, S. 1994. Psychoeducational assessment of students who are visually impaired or blind: Infancy through high school (2nd ed.). Austin, TX: Pro-ed.
Citations that use Roman script marked with diacritics should employ standard use Unicode encoding. Titles in Cyrillic should be both transliterated AND translated into English as in the following examples.
Averianov, A. O., and Skutschas, P. P. 2000. Kompleks pozvonochnykh rannego mela Zabaikalya [A vertebrate assemblage from the Early Cretaceous of Transbaikalia (locality Mogoito)]; pp. 357−358 in A. V. Komarov (ed.), Materials of the Regional Conference of the Geologists of Siberia, Far East and North East of Russia. GalaPress, Tomsk.
Ivanov, B. A. 1940. O vozraste uglenosnykh otlozhenii Zabaikalya [On the age of the carboniferous deposits of Transbaikalia]. Sovetskaya Geologiya 11:45−54.
Nesov, L. A. 1995. Dinozavry Severnoi Evrazii: novye dannye o sostave kompleksov, ekologii i paleobiogeografii [Dinosaurs of Northern Eurasia: New Data about Assemblages, Ecology and Paleobiogeography]. 156 pp. Izdatelstvo Sankt-Peterburgskogo Universiteta, Saint Petersburg.
For further formatting examples, please, consult to the latest issue of Biological Communications as the rules may be subject to change.
1. Subject Matter of the Agreement
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3.4.3. To provide academic, literary, artistic and technical editing of the Work, processing of artwork and illustrations, preparation of a paper and electronic layout.
3.4.4. Not to introduce any changes in the title of the Work or in the names of the Authors without the Author(s)’ consent.
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4.4. The Parties agreed that the correspondence of the Parties in connection with the execution of this Agreement by the Author(s) shall be done by Yegor Malashichev. The Author(s) approve, do not mind and would not object to the fact that information received by Licensee from Yegor Malashichev is approved and agreed by all the Authors. The Parties agreed the following details for communicating with the Author(s): Address: Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Universitetskaya nab., 7/9, Saint Petersburg State University, 199034 Saint Petersburg, Russia. Telephone, Fax: +7 (812) 328-96-89, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com
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