Mute swan (Cygnus olor Gmelin, 1789) in the eastern part of the Gulf of Finland: history of dispersion, distribution of breeding birds and features of biology

  • Sergey Kouzov Saint Petersburg State University, 7–9, Universitetskaya nab., Saint Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation

Abstract

The description of the main events of a Mute swan reproduction in the eastern part of Gulf of Finland is given: terms of arrival, spatial and biotopical distribution on nesting, terms and success of reproduction, features of bird behavior. A comparison with data from other parts of an area is carried out. Success of nesting in open biotopes of sea islands is caused by behavioural plasticity of Mute swan. Features of ecology of local birds are most similar to those of swans from Estonia, Finland, Sweden and Denmark. Large delay of dates of reproduction start and marked reduction of average size of laying from southern populations to northern populations are noted in the eastern part of Baltic region that speaks about an inaccuracy of the conclusions of a some authors about uniformity of reproductive indicators of Mute swan of the Caspian and Baltic populations. Refs 76. Figs 13. Tables 10.

Keywords:

Anserinae, Cygnini, Mute Swan, Cygnus olor, Leningrad region, Gulf of Finland, reproduction, reproductive success, territoriality, coloniality, dynamics of areas

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
 

References

Krivenko V. G. Vodoplavaiushchie ptitsy i ikh okhrana [Waterfowl and their protection]. Moscow, Аgropromizdat, 1991. 270 p. (In Russian)

Curry-Lindahl K. The situation of ducks, geese and swans in Norway, Sweden and Finland. Proceedings of the First European Meeting on Wildfowl Conservation (16–18 October 1963, St. Andrews, Scotland). Nature Conservancy. London, U. K. and IWRB, Le Sambuc, France. 1964, pp. 62–73.

The Birds of the Western Palearctic. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Eds S. Cramp, K. E. L. Simmons. Oxford, London, New-York, Oxford University Press, 1977. 722 p.

Brown L. M. Measurement of the demographic parameters of the Mute Swan Cygnus olor population in the Lothians. Doctor of Philosophy Thesis of Napier University. Napier, 1997. 265 p.

Berglund B. E., Curry-Lindahl K., Luther H., Olsson V., Rodhe W., Sellerberg G. Ecological studies on the Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) in southeastern Sweden. Acta Vertebratica, 1963, vol. 2б pp. 167–288.

Menzbir M. А. Ptitsy Rossii [Birds of Russia]. Moscow, 1895, vol. 1. 836 p. (In Russian)

Ptushenko E. S. [Ordo Anseriformes. Subfamily Anserinae]. Ptitsy Sovetskogo Soiuza [Birds of the Soviet Union]. Eds G. P. Dement’ev, N. А. Gladkov. Moscow, Sovetskaya Nauka Publ., 1952, pp. 247–344. (In Russian)

Krivenko V. G., Аngizitova N. V., Kuznetsov E. А. [Dynamics of number of a Mute Swan in the USSR as a result of variability of climate]. Ekologiia i okhrana lebedei v SSSR. Materialy 2go vsesoiuznogo soveshchaniia po lebediam (21–24 sentiabria 1988 g., Odessa) [Ecology and protection of swans in the USSR. Materials of the 2nd all-Union meeting on swans (on September 21–24, 1988, Odessa)], Melitopol’, 1990, pp. 23–25. (In Russian)

Jygi А. Sovremennoe rasprostranenie lebedia-shipuna v Estonskoi SSR [Modern distribution of a mute swan in the Estonian SSR]. Soobshcheniia Pribaltiiskoi komissii po izucheniiu migratsii ptits [Messages of the Baltic commission on studying of migrations of birds], 1968, no. 5, pp. 68–79. (In Russian)

Jygi А., Lipsberg Yu., Nedzinskas V. [Number and distribution of the eastern Baltic population of a Mute Swan]. Migratsii ptits [Bird migrations]. Tallin, 1976, pp. 179–184. (In Russian)

Lipsberg Yu. K. [Distribution and dynamics of number of a Mute Swan and a Trumpeter swan on a breeding in Latvia]. Ekologiia i okhrana lebedei v SSSR. Materialy 2go vsesoiuznogo soveshchaniia po lebediam (21–24 sentiabria 1988 g., Odessa) [Ecology and protection of swans in the USSR. Materials of the 2nd all-Union meeting on swans (on September 21–24, 1988, Odessa)], Melitopol’, 1990, pp. 54–56. (In Russian)

Nedzinskas V. S. [Modern distribution and dynamics of number of a Mute Swan in Lithuania]. Ekologiia i okhrana lebedei v SSSR. Materialy 2go vsesoiuznogo soveshchaniia po lebediam (21–24 sentiabria 1988 g., Odessa) [Ecology and protection of swans in the USSR. Materials of the 2nd all-Union meeting on swans (on September 21–24, 1988, Odessa)], Melitopol’, 1990. pp. 57–64. (In Russian)

Renno O. [Mute Swan population in Estonia and its formation]. Ekologiia i okhrana lebedei v SSSR. Materialy 2go vsesoiuznogo soveshchaniia po lebediam (21–24 sentiabria 1988 g., Odessa) [Ecology and protection of swans in the USSR. Materials of the 2nd all-Union meeting on swans (on September 21–24, 1988, Odessa)], Melitopol’, 1990, pp. 66–67. (In Russian)

Grishanov G. V. Gnezdiashchiesia ptitsy Kaliningradskoi oblasti: territorial’noe razmeshchenie i dinamika chislennosti v 19–20 vv. 1. Non-Passeriformes. [The nesting birds of the Kaliningrad region: territorial placement and dynamics of number in the 19–20th centuries]. Russkii ornitologicheskii zhurnal [The Russian Journal of Ornithology], 1994, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 83–117. (In Russian)

Haapanen A. Breeding range and migration of swans in Finland. Migratsii ptits [Bird migrations]. Tallin, 1976, pp. 184–190.

Kouzov S. А. [Adaptations to open sea shallow waters of the Mute swans nesting on the Kurgalsky peninsula (east part of the Gulf of Finland)]. Guseobraznye Severnoi Evrazii. Materialy 3 Mezhdunarodnogo simpoziuma (4–8 sentiabria 2005 g., Sankt-Peterburg) [Waterfowl of Northern Eurasia. Materials 3rd of the International symposium (on September 4–8, 2005, St. Petersburg)]. St. Petersburg, 2005, 124 p. (In Russian)

Kouzov S. А. Osobennosti biologii lebedia-shipuna i serogo gusia na Kurgal’skom p-ve [Features of biology of a Mute Swan and a Graylag goose on the Kurgalsky peninsula]. Kazarka, 2010, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 85–113. (In Russian)

Leoke D. Yu. Lebed’-shipun Cygnus olor obychnyi gnezdiashchiisia vid Kurgal’skogo p-va [Mute Swan Cygnus olor is the usual nesting species of the Kurgalsky peninsula]. Russkii ornitologicheskii zhurnal [The Russian Journal of Ornithology], 1998, vol. 7, no. 46, pp. 19–21. (In Russian)

Kouzov S. А., Kravchuk А. V. Osobennosti biologii lebedia-shipuna (Cygnus olor) v vostochnoi chasti Finskogo zaliva [Features of Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) biology in the eastern part of the Gulf of Finland]. Vestnik okhotovedeniia [Bulletin of a game management], 2014, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 119–204. (In Russian)

Kouzov S. А., Loseva А. V. Sovremennoe rasprostranenie, novye mesta razmnozheniia i lin’ki lebedia-shipuna (Cygnus olor Gmelin) v Leningradskoi oblasti po dannym 2005–2015 gg. [Modern distribution, new places of Mute Swan (Cygnus olor Gmelin) reproduction and a molt in the Leningrad region according to 2005–2015]. Vestnik of Saint-Petersburg University. Series 3. Biology, 2016, issue 1, p. 116–136 (In Russian)

Mineev Yu. N. Guseobraznye ptitsy vostochnoevropeiskikh tundr [Waterfowl birds of the East European tundra]. Ekaterinburg, 2003. 225 p. (In Russian)

Mineev Yu. N, Mineev O. Yu. Novye nakhodki guseobraznykh na Evropeiskom severo-vostoke Rossii [New finds of Waterfowl in the European northeast of Russia]. Kazarka, 1999, vol. 5, pp. 337–338. (In Russian)

Lakin G. F. Biometriia [Biometrics]. Moscow, Vysshaya Shkola Publ., 1990. 350 p. (In Russian)

Mal’chevskij А. S., Pukinskij Yu. B. Ptitsy Leningradskoi oblasti i sopredel’nykh territorii [Birds of the Leningrad region and adjacent territories]. Leningrad, Leningrad Univ. Press, 1983. 456 p. (In Russian)

Buzun V. А., Khrabryj V. M. [About nesting of a Mute Swan in the Leningrad region]. Ekologiia i okhrana lebedei v SSSR. Materialy 2go vsesoiuznogo soveshchaniia po lebediam (21–24 sentiabria 1988 g., Odessa) [Ecology and protection of swans in the USSR. Materials of the 2nd all-Union meeting on swans (on September 21–24, 1988, Odessa)], Melitopol’, 1990, pp. 83–84. (In Russian)

Bubyreva V. А., Buzun V. А., Volkovich N. M., Kouzov S. А., Shapovalova O. V., Shukin А. K. Otchet Kurgal’skoi ekspeditsii Sankt-Peterburgskogo Obshchestva Estestvoispytatelei [Report of Kurgalsky expedition of the St. Petersburg Society of Scientists]. Vestnik of Saint-Petersburg University. Series 3. Biology, 1993, issue 3 (10), pp. 111–117. (In Russian)

Noskov G. А, Fedorov V. А., Gaginskaya А. R., Sagitov R. А., Buzun V. А. Ob ornitofaune ostrovov tsentral’noi chasti Finskogo zaliva [About avifauna of islands of the central part of the Gulf of Finland]. Russkii ornitologicheskii zhurnal [The Russian Journal of Ornithology], 1993, vol. 2 (2), pp. 163–175. (In Russian)

Vasil’eva N. А. Materialy po letnei ornitofaune arkhipelaga Seskar v vostochnoi chasti Finskogo zaliva [Materials on summer avifauna of the archipelago Seskar in east part of the Gulf of Finland]. Berkut, 2002, vol. 11 (1), pp. 18–26. (In Russian)

Buzun V. А. [Island Seskar (east part of the Gulf of Finland)]. Materialy pervogo seminara po programme “Izuchenie sostoianiia populiatsii migriruiushchikh ptits i tendentsii ikh izmenenii v Rossii” (15–17 sentiabria 1997 g., S.-Peterburg) [Materials of the first seminar according to the “Study of a Condition of Population Condition of the Migrating Birds and Tendencies of Their Changes in Russia” program (on September 15–17, 1997, St. Peterburg)]. St. Petersburg, Tuskarora Publ., 1997, pp. 42–49. (In Russian)

Iovchenko N. P., Gaginskaya А. R., Noskov G. А., Rezvyj S. P. Rezul’taty ornitologicheskogo obsledovaniia ostrovov Finskogo zaliva v 1994–1995 godakh [Results of ornithological investigation of the islands of the Gulf of Finland in 1994–1995]. Ptitsy i mlekopitaiushchie Severo-Zapada Rossii. Trudy Biologicheskogo NII [Birds and mammals of the North-west Russia. Proceedings of Biological scientific research institute], 2002, vol. 48, pp. 100–120. (In Russian)

Bakhvalova А. А. Gnezdovanie lebedia-shipuna Cygnus olor v Bol’shom Sabske na reke Luge [Nesting of a Mute Swan Cygnus olor in Big Sabsk on the Luga River]. Russkii ornitologicheskii zhurnal [The Russian Journal of Ornithology], 2007, vol. 16 (375), pp. 1186. (In Russian)

Skuchas P. P. Pervaia registratsiia uspeshnogo gnezdovaniia lebedia-shipuna Cygnus olor na ozere Penino (iugo-zapad Leningradskoi oblasti) [The first registration of successful nesting of a Mute Swan Cygnus olor on Penino’s lake (the south-west of the Leningrad region)]. Russkii ornitologicheskii zhurnal [The Russian Journal of Ornithology], 2010, vol. 19 (609), pp. 1992–1993. (In Russian)

Kouzov S. А., Loseva А. V. Pervaia nakhodka gnezda lebedia-shipuna Cygnus olor na o. Malyi Fiskar (severnoe poberezh’e Finskogo zaliva) [The first find of a nest of a mute swan of Cygnus olor on the island. Small Fiskar (northern coast of the Gulf of Finland)]. Russkii ornitologicheskii zhurnal [The Russian Journal of Ornithology], 2015, vol. 24, no. 1197, pp. 3551–3553. (In Russian)

Kouzov S. А. Gnezdovanie lebedia-shipuna Cygnus olor na ostrove Moshchnyi v vostochnoi chasti Finskogo zaliva [Nesting of a Mute Swan of Cygnus olor on the island Moshniy in east part of the Gulf of Finland]. Russkii ornitologicheskii zhurnal [The Russian Journal of Ornithology], 2015, vol. 24, no. 1196, pp. 3513–3517. (In Russian)

Kouzov S. А. O gnezdovanii lebedia-shipuna Cygnus olor na ostrovakh Bol’shoi i Malyi Tiuters po dannym 2012–2015 gg. [About nesting of a Mute Swan Cygnus olor on islands Bol’shoy and Maliy Tyuters according to 2012–2015]. Russkii ornitologicheskii zhurnal [The Russian Journal of Ornithology], 2015, vol. 24, no. 1199, pp. 3613–3622. (In Russian)

Kouzov S. А. O nakhodke novogo mesta razmnozheniia lebedia-shipuna Cygnus olor Gmelin na iuzhnom beregu Finskogo zaliva u poselka Chernaia Lakhta [About a find of the new place of reproduction of a Mute Swan Cygnus olor Gmelin on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland at the settlement Chernaya Lahta]. Russkii ornitologicheskii zhurnal [The Russian Journal of Ornithology], 2015, vol. 24, no. 1190, pp. 3332–3338. (In Russian)

Khrabryj V. M. O gnezdovanii lebedia-shipuna Cygnus olor na materikovykh ozerakh iugo-zapada Leningradskoi oblasti [About nesting of a mute swan Cygnus olor on continental lakes of the southwest of the Leningrad region]. Russkii ornitologicheskii zhurnal [The Russian Journal of Ornithology], 2016, vol. 25, no. 1236, pp. 123–125. (In Russian)

Rychkova А. L. [Birds of the island Seskar (Avifauna of the island Seskar)]. Ornitologiia v Severnoi Evrazii. Materialy 13 mezhdunarodnoi ornitologicheskoi konferentsii Severnoi Evrazii. Tezisy dokladov [Ornithology in Northern Eurasia. Materials of the 13 international ornithological conference of Northern Eurasia. Theses of reports]. Orenburg, 2010, pp. 278. (In Russian)

Bauer K., Glutz U.-N. Handbuch der Vogel Mittel Europas. Hrsg. Von G. Neuthammer. 2. Anseriformes. Frankfurt un Main, Akad. Verl.-Ges, 1968, pp. 5–356.

Valyus M. I. Materialy po biologii lebedia-shipuna v Litve [Materials in biology of a Mute Swan in Lithuania]. Ornitologiia [Ornithology], 1959, vol. 2, pp. 221–227. (In Russian)

Koshelev А. I., Korzyukov А. I., Valyaev N. А., Zhmud M. E. Lebed’-shipun v severo-zapadnom Prichernomor’e [Mute Swan on north-west Black Sea Coast]. Ornitologiia [Ornithology], 1987, vol. 22, pp. 51–68. (In Russian)

Leoke D. Yu. Lebed’-shipun Cygnus olor v natsional’nom parke “Sebezhskii” (Pskovskaia obl.) [Mute Swan Cygnus olor in national park “Sebezhsky” (The Pskov Region)]. Russkii ornitologicheskii zhurnal [The Russian Journal of Ornithology], 1999, vol. 8, no. 86, pp. 12–14. (In Russian)

Viksne Ya. Rezul’taty uchetov lebedia-shipuna i orlana-belokhvosta v Latvii v 1964 g. [Results of accounting of a Mute Swan and White-tailed Sea Eagle in Latvia in 1964]. Soobshcheniia Pribaltiiskoi komissii po izucheniiu migratsii ptits [Messages of the Baltic commission of study of bird migrations], 1968, vol. 5, pp. 76–79. (In Russian)

Nedzinskas V. S. Rost chislennosti lebedia-shipuna i rasshirenie gnezdovykh statsii na territorii Litvy [Growth of number of a Mute swan and expansion of nesting areas in the territory of Lithuania]. Ekologiia ptits Litovskoi SSR [Bird ecology of Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic]. Vil’nyus, 1977, pp. 65–76. (In Russian)

Hilden O. Recent changes in sea-bird populations of Finland. Vodno-bolotnye ugod’ia i vodoplavaiushchie ptitsy. Trudy VI dnei ornitologov (18–22 maia 1979 g., Piarnu) [Wetlands and waterfowl. Proceedings of the VI days of ornithologists (may 18–22, 1979, Pärnu)]. Ed. Eh. Kumari. Tallin, Valgus, 1987, pp. 74–84.

Mägi E. Saarte haudelinnustik 2004–2006: suuremad muutused linnustikus läbi poole sajandi. Loodusevaatlusi 2006, 2007, pp. 3–21.

Wieloch M. Population trends of the Mute swan Cygnus olor in the Palearctic. Wildfowl Supplement, 1991, vol. 1, pp. 22–32.

Bloch D. Knopsvanen (Cygnus olor) som kolonifugli Danmark. Dansk. Orn. Foren. Tidsskr., 1970, vol. 64, pp. 152–162.

Andersen-Harild P. Svanner. Naturhistorisk Museum, Arhus. 1994. 31 p.

Winge A. Knölsvanen (Cygnus olor) i. Skäne är 1957. Vär Fägelvärld, 1959, vol. 18, pp. 1–11.

Mägi E., Paakspuu T., Kastepold T. On nesting of Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) on Moonzund islands at Matsalu Nature reserve in 1977–1992. Loodusevaatlusi 1992, 1992, vol. 1, pp. 38–40.

Birds of Estonia. Status, Distribution and Numbers. Eds E. Leibak, V. Lilleleht, H. Veromann. Tallinn, 1994, pp. 1–287.

Renno O., Paakspuu V. The Mute Swan Cygnus olor in Estonia. Ornis Fennica, 1987, vol. 64, p. 23.

Hario M., Rintala J. Population trends of the Mute Swan, the Common Eider and three species of goose on the Finnish coasts in 1986–2003. Linnut-vuosikirja (The yearbook of the Linnut magazine) 2003, 2004, pp. 49–57.

Hildén O., Hario M. Muuttuva saaristolinnusto. Forssan kirjapaino, Forssa. 1993.

Lehikoinen A. Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) — distribution in Finland. Valkama J., Vepsäläinen V., Lehikoinen A. The Third Finnish Breeding Bird Atlas. Finnish Museum of Natural History and Ministry of Environment. 2011. Available at: http://atlas3.lintuatlas.fi/english (accessed: 25.09.2015)

Tenovuo R. Kyhmyjoutsen Lounais — Suomen asukkaana. (Summary: The Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) population in southwestern Finland.). Suomen Riista, 1975, vol. 26, pp. 5–13.

Tenovuo R. The Mute Swan Cygnus olor in Finland. Ornis Fennica, 1976, vol. 53, pp. 147–149.

Ulfvens J. Breeding habitat characteristics in a newly established population of the Mute Swan Cygnus olor on the Finnish west coast. Ornis Fennica, 1993, vol. 70, pp. 106–109.

von Numers M. Distribution, numbers and ecological gradients of birds breeding in smal islets in the Archipelago sea. SW Finland. Acta Zoologica Fennica, 1995, pp. 1–127.

Köppen U. Population development of the Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) in some parts of Central Europe. Ecology, migration and protection of Baltic Birds. Baltic Birds 5 (1). Eds J. Viksne, I. Vilks. Zindme, Publishers, Riga, 1990, pp. 216–225.

Rutschke E. Zur Bestandsentwicklung des Höckerschwans (Cygnus olor) in der DDR. Beitr. Vogelkd, 1982, vol. 28, pp. 59–73.

Wieloch M. Numbers and distribution of the Mute swan Cygnus olor in Poland against the situation of this species in Europe. Acta ornithlogica, 1984, vol. 20, pp. 187–240.

Holmqvist C. Knölsvanen, Cygnus olor (Gm.), häckande som förvildad på Aland. Ornis Fennica, 1935, vol. 12 (4), pp. 104–107.

Jespersen P. Knopsvanen som ynglefugl I Danmark. Dansk Ornith. Foren. Tidsskr., 1951, vol. 45, pp. 174–191.

Lundin A., Hansson G. En inventering av knölsvanen (Cygnus olor) i Uppland sommaren 1955. Var Fagelvarld, 1956, vol. 15 (1), pp. 44–48.

Kuresoo A. Present status of Mute Swans Cygnus olor, Whooper Swans C. cygnus and Bewick’s Swans C. bewickii wintering in the Eastern Baltic Region. Wildfowl, 1991, sp. issue 1, pp. 214–217.

Mathiasson S. Untersuchungen über jährliche Fluctuationen nichtbrütender Höckerschwäne Cygnus olor (Gm) in Schonen, Südschweden. Lunds Univ. Arsskrift NF avd., 1963, issue 2, vol. 58 (13), pp. 1–18.

Raudonikis А. [Some features of movement of Mute Swans ringed on wintering in Lithuania]. Ekologiia i okhrana lebedei v SSSR. Materialy 2go vsesoiuznogo soveshchaniia po lebediam (21–24 sentiabria 1988 g., Odessa) [Ecology and protection of swans in the USSR. Materials of the 2nd all-Union meeting on swans (on September 21–24, 1988, Odessa)], Melitopol’, 1990, pp. 64–65. (In Russian)

Sokolowski J. The Mute Swan in Poland. Kraków, 1960.

Bacon P. J. Population genetics of Mute swan (Cygnus olor). Doctor Philosothy Thesis, University of Oxford. D13193/80 (BLLd of). 1980.

Bacon P. J., Andersen-Harild P. Colonial breeding in Mute swans (Cygnus olor) associated with an allozyme of lactate dehydrogenase. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 1987, vol. 30 (3), pp. 193–228.

Hästbacka H., Ulfvens J. Fortsatt framgång för knölsvanen i Kvarken. Lintumies, 1991, vol. 26, pp. 138–139.

Krivonosov G. А., Krivenko V. G., Lipsberg Yu. K., Nedzinskas V. S. [Features of Mute Swan biology in different parts of its area]. Vid i ego produktivnost’ v areale. Materialy ko 2 Vsesoiuznomu soveshchaniiu [A species and its productivity in area. Materials of the 2nd all-union meeting]. Vil’nyus, 1976, pp. 74–77. (In Russian)

Zusman I. N., Lyashenko S. F., Nedzinskas V. S. Morfo-ekologicheskie adaptatsii v rannem embriogeneze lebedia-shipuna (Cygnus olor) [Morfo-ekological adaptations in an early embryogenesis of a Mute Swan (Cygnus olor)]. Zoologicheskii zhurnal [Zoological Journal], 1976, vol. LV, issue 2, pp. 255–266. (In Russian)

Lipsberg Yu. K. [Nesting biology of a Mute Swan in Latvia]. Materialy 7 Pribaltiiskoi ornitologicheskoi konferentsii [Materials of 7th Baltic ornithological conference]. Riga, 1970, pp. 45–49. (In Russian)
Published
2016-06-26
How to Cite
Kouzov, S. (2016). Mute swan (<em>Cygnus olor</em&gt; Gmelin, 1789) in the eastern part of the Gulf of Finland: history of dispersion, distribution of breeding birds and features of biology. Biological Communications, (2), 38–69. https://doi.org/10.21638/11701/spbu03.2016.204
Section
Full communications