Lateralization in the visual perception of a potential source of danger in free-ranging steppe marmots (Marmota bobak)

  • Irina Demina Biological Station Rybachy, Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Pobedy, 32, Rybachy, 238535, Kaliningrad Region, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9174-902X
  • Alexander Dyomin Laboratory of Cell Technology, Saratov State Medical University, ul. Bolshaya Kazachia, 112, Saratov, 410012, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2767-8239
  • Karina Karenina Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Faculty of Biology, Saint Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab., 7–9, Saint Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8200-6876

Abstract

A variety of vertebrate species display lateralization of visual perception of threat. However, the vast majority of studies were carried out in the laboratory conditions, and little is known about the relevance of this lateralization for animals in their natural environment. The aim of our work was to study lateralized visual perception of potential threat in the steppe marmot. The asymmetric use of visual fields when reacting to an approaching threat was assessed in two wild populations of marmots. The results showed that marmots predominantly used the right eye for threat monitoring. A significant impact of anthropogenic disturbance was found both within and between the populations. The right-sided preference was reduced in animals inhabiting areas with high degree of anthropogenic disturbance. The eye (left/right) a focal individual used for threat monitoring did not influence its flight initiation distance. Contrary to a previous study, our results do not suggest that the use of a particular eye affects the speed of threat assessment.

Keywords:

functional brain asymmetry, visual lateralization, eye preference, flight initiation distance, Marmota bobak

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Published
2022-06-24
How to Cite
Demina, I., Dyomin, A., & Karenina, K. (2022). Lateralization in the visual perception of a potential source of danger in free-ranging steppe marmots (<em>Marmota bobak</em&gt;). Biological Communications, 67(2), 120–126. https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu03.2022.205
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