Nitrogen use by plants and nitrogen flows after application of standard and biomodified nitrogen fertilizers on barley

  • Alexey Zavalin All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Agrochemistry named after D.N. Pryanishnikov, ul. Pryanishnikova, 31a, Moscow, 127434, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7717-877X
  • Vladimir Chebotar All-Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology, Shosse Podbel'skogo, 3, Saint Petersburg, 196608, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9762-989X
  • Alexey Alferov All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Agrochemistry named after D.N. Pryanishnikov, ul. Pryanishnikova, 31a, Moscow, 127434, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7988-6809
  • Lyudmila Chernova All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Agrochemistry named after D.N. Pryanishnikov, ul. Pryanishnikova, 31a, Moscow, 127434, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8424-1175
  • Elena Shcherbakova All-Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology, Shosse Podbel'skogo, 3, Saint Petersburg, 196608, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7871-034X
  • Elena Chizhevskaya All-Russia Research Institute for Agricultural Microbiology, Shosse Podbel'skogo, 3, Saint Petersburg, 196608, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7715-8696

Abstract

The aim of our study was to assess the efficiency of application of biomodified nitrogen fertilizers for barley, to reveal the sources of nitrogen used for biomass formation with the use of the 15N stable isotope, and to study nitrogen flows in the system of fertilizers–soil–plants–atmosphere. We demonstrated in a model experiment the ability of the plant growth-promoting bacteria Bacillus subtilis Ch-13 to move from the granules of mineral fertilizers to plant roots and to colonize them effectively. The effectiveness of biomodified nitrogen fertilizers for barley, Nur variety, was assessed in a microfield trial. After the application of biomodified nitrogen fertilizers, the accumulation of 15N in the plants increased by 2–5 %, its incorporation in the soil decreased and gaseous losses were decreased by 7 % as compared with the use of the usual forms of fertilizers. The application of biomodified nitrogen fertilizers can be used in agricultural practice as a novel technology to regulate nitrogen flows in the system of fertilizers–soil–plants–atmosphere.

Keywords:

PGPB, nitrogen fertilizers, biomodified fertilizers, nitrogen isotope, barley biomass, nitrogen flows

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Published
2021-12-30
How to Cite
Zavalin, A., Chebotar, V., Alferov, A., Chernova, L., Shcherbakova, E., & Chizhevskaya, E. (2021). Nitrogen use by plants and nitrogen flows after application of standard and biomodified nitrogen fertilizers on barley. Biological Communications, 66(4), 283–289. https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu03.2021.401
Section
Full communications

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