Peculiarities of gynoecium and ovule structure in representatives of genera Cerasus, Microcerasus and Amygdalus (Rosaceae)

  • Lyudmila Yandovka Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, 48, Moika nab., Saint Petersburg, 191186, Russian Federation
  • Ivan Shamrov Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, 48, Moika nab., Saint Petersburg, 191186, Russian Federation

Abstract

The gynoecium and ovule morphogenesis in Cerasus, Microcerasus and Amygdalus was studied. Pseudomonomerous gynoecium consists of two carpels: a large carpel is fertile (4 ovules are formed in it, two ovules only develop, whereas the others stay at primordial stage) and a small sterile carpel (the ovules do not arise). The gynoecium in Cerasus, Microcerasus and Amygdalus may be determined as syncarpous. The ovule is hemi-anatropous, crassinucellate, unitegmic, characterized by short funiculus, massive raphe, mesochalase and hypostase. The integument is of dermal-subdermal origin. The postament and podium in the nucellus in species were studied for a first time. Embryo sac develops by Polygonum-type. Refs 26. Figs 3.

Keywords:

Cerasus avium, C. vulgaris, C. fruticosa, Microcerasus tomentosa, Amygdalus nana, morphogenesis, gynoecium, ovule

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
 

References

Kamelin R. V. Rozotsvetnye (Rosaceae) [Rose family (Rosaceae)]. Barnaul, Altaiskye Stranitsy Publ., 2006. 100 p. (In Russian)

Takhtajan A. Diversity and classification of flowering plants. New York, 1997. 643 p.

Yandovka L. F. Sostoianie voprosa o sistematicheskom polozhenii vidov vishni i chereshni [The status of the systematic position of sour and sweet cherries species]. Izvestiya Rossiyskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta imeni Hertsena [Proceedings of the Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia], 2015, no. 173, pp. 125–132 (In Russian)

Potter D., Eriksson T., Evans R. Phylogeny and classification of Rosaceae. Plant Systematics and Evolution, 2007, no. 266, pp. 5–43.

Tzvelev N. N. Opredelitel’ sosudistykh rastenii severo-zapadnoi Rossii (Leningradskaia, Pskovskaia i Novgorodskaia oblasti) [The field guide on vascular plants of northwestern Russia (Leningrad, Pskov and Novgorod regions)]. St. Petersburg, SPHFA Publ., 2000, pp. 460–461. (In Russian)

Koehne E. Prunus L. Plantae Wilsonianae. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1912, vol. 1, pp. 59–75.

Berezenko N. P. Osobennosti formirovaniia zhenskogo gametofi ta u vishni i prorastanie pyl’tsy pri mezhvidovykh retsiproknykh skreshchivaniiakh ee s chereshnei [Features of a female gametophyte formation at sour cherries and the germination of pollen in their interspecific reciprocal crosses with sweet cherries]. Cytologiya i genetica [Cytology and genetic], 1982, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 18–24. (In Russian)

Mandrik V. Yu., Petrus Yu. Yu. Semeistvo Rosaceae [Rosaceae family]. Sravnitel’naia embriologiia tsvetkovykh rastenii [Comparative embryology of flowering plants]. Leningrad, Nauka Publ., 1985, vol. 3, pp. 55–64. (In Russian)

Surkova L. I., Skipina K. P. Embriologiia nekotorykh sortov slivy [Embryology of certain varieties of plums]. Nauchnye doclady vyshey shkoly. Biol. Nauki [Scientific reports of higher school. Biological Sciences], 1966, no. 3, pp. 124–127. (In Russian)

Eaton G. W., Jamont A. M. Embryo sac development in the apricot, Prunus armeniaca L. CV Constant. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci., 1965, vol. 86, pp. 95–101.

Labrecque M., Barabe D., Vieth J. Développement du fruit de Prunus virginiana (Rosaceae). Can. J. Bot., 1985, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 242–251.

Melchior H. A. Engler’s Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Nutzpfl anzen nebst einer Ȕbersicht ȕber die Florenreiche und Florengebiete der Erde. Berlin; Nikolassee, 1964, vol. 2. 666 p.

Pimienta E., Polito V. S. Embryo sac development in almond [Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D. A. Webb] as affected by cross- self- and non-pollination. Ann. Bot., 1983, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 469–479.

Tukey H. B. Anomalous embryos of cultivated variettes of Prunus with particular reference to fruit breeding. Bot. Gaz., 1934, vol. 98, no. 1, pp. 1–24.

Gladkova V. N. Semeistvo rozovye, ili rozotsvetnye [Rose family or rosaceous]. Zhizn’ rastenii [Plants’ life]. Moscow, Prosveschenie Publ., 1981, vol. 5, part 2, pp. 175–187. (In Russian)

Corner E. J. H. The seeds of dicotyledons: in 2 vols. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1976, vol. 1. 311 p.; vol. 2. 552 p.

Melikyan A. P., Bondar N. A. Semeistvo Rosaceae [Rosaceae family]. Sravnitel’naia anatomiia semian [Comparative anatomy of seeds]. St. Petersburg, Mir i Semya Publ., 1996, vol. 5, pp. 102–123 (In Russian)

Schnarf K. Vergleichende Embryologie der Angiospermen. Berlin, Gebrüder Borntraeger, 1931. 354 р.

Shamrov I. I., Yandovka L. F. Razvitie i stroenie ginetseia i semiazachatka u Cerasus vulgaris (Rosaceae) [Development and structure of gynoecium and ovule in Cerasus vulgaris (Rosaceae)]. Botanicheskiy zhurnal [Botanical Journal], 2008, vol. 93, no. 6, pp. 902–913. (In Russian)

Yandovka L. F. Ispol‘zovanie tsito-embriologicheskikh pokazatelei razvitiia semian v sistematike vidov Cerasus, Microcerasus i Amygdalus (Rosaceae) [Application of the cyto-embryological indicators of seeds development in the taxonomy of Cerasus, Microcerasus and Amygdalus species (Rosaceae)]. Materialy II Mezdunarodnoi nauchnoi konferenzii “Rasnoobrasie pochv i bioty Severnoi I Zentralnoi Asii” [Proceedings of the II international conference “Diversity of soil and biota in North and Central Asia”]. Ulan-Ude, BNZ SO RAN Publ., 2011, vol. 1, pp. 281–283. (In Russian)

Pausheva Z. P. Praktikum po tsitologii rastenii [Practical work on plants’ cytology]. Moscow, Kolos Publ., 1974. 288 p. (In Russian)

Shamrov I. I. Embriologiia i vosproizvedenie rastenii [Embryology and plant reproduction]. St. Petersburg, Herzen RGPU Publ., 2015. 200 p. (In Russian)

Shamrov I. I. Nutsellus semiazachatka: proiskhozhdenie, diff erentsiatsiia, struktura i funktsii [Ovule nucellus: origin, differentiation, structure and functions]. Botanicheskiy zhurnal [Botanical Journal], 2002, vol. 87, no. 10, pp. 1–30. (In Russian)

Shamrov I. I. Ovule classification in flowering plants — new approaches and concepts. Bot. Jahrb. Syst., 1998, vol. 120, no. 3, pp. 377–407.

Shamrov I. I. Strukturnaia differentsiatsiia semiazachatka tsvetkovykh rastenii: khalaza, funikulus, obturator [Structural differentiation of flowering plants’ ovule: chalaza, funiculus, obturator]. Botanicheskiy zhurnal [Botanical Journal], 2004, vol. 89, no. 3, pp. 1–17. (In Russian)

Shamrov I. I. Semiazachatok tsvetkovykh rastenii: stroenie, funktsii, proiskhozhdenie [Ovule of flowering plants: structure, functions, origin]. Moscow, KMK Scientific Press Ltd., 2008. 350 p. (In Russian)
Published
2016-12-26
How to Cite
Yandovka, L., & Shamrov, I. (2016). Peculiarities of gynoecium and ovule structure in representatives of genera <em>Cerasus</em>, <em>Microcerasus</em> and <em>Amygdalus</em&gt; (Rosaceae). Biological Communications, (4), 26–36. https://doi.org/10.21638/11701/spbu03.2016.402
Section
Full communication