Muscle contraction: theory and facts

  • Valentin Borkhvardt Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Faculty of Biology, Saint Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab., 7–9, Saint Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6480-9077

Abstract

All living organisms and many of their parts are organised in an essentially similar manner: they are closed cavitary bodies. This organisation allows living bodies to change shape by employing hydrostatic forces. It was recently shown that the hydrostatic mechanism lies in the basis of very different morphogenetic processes, and in the basis of muscle contraction (Borkhvardt, 2017). The new hypothesis on the mechanism of muscle contraction explained many issues, but lacked direct proof. Now it seems that such proof has been found.

Keywords:

muscle contraction, hydrostatic mechanism

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References

Borkhvardt, V. G. 2002a. Gidromekhanicheskaya model formoobrazovatelnykh protsessov [Hydromechanical model of the morphogenetic processes]. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo Universiteta, Series 3. Biologia. (3):3–21.

Borkhvardt, V. G. 2002b. Vpyachivaniya i vypyachivaniya: gidromekhanicheskaya model [Invagination and evagination: a hydromechanical model]. Ontogenez 33(1):19–27.

Borkhvardt, V. G. 2009. Mekhanicheskie preobrazovaniya zhivykh polostnykh tel [Mechanical transformations of living cavitary bodies]. 71 pp. Izdatelstvo TESSA, Saint Petersburg.

Borkhvardt, V. G. 2010. Mekhanicheskie preobrazovaniya zhivykh polostnykh tel [Mechanical transformations of living cavitary bodies]. Second Edition. 135 pp. Izdatelstvo TESSA, Saint Petersburg.

Borkhvardt, V. G. 2016. Mekhanicheskie preobrazovaniya zhivykh polostnykh tel [Mechanical transformations of living cavitary bodies]. Third Edition. 140 pp. Izdatelstvo Rossiiskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta imeni A. I. Gertsena, Saint Petersburg.

Borkhvardt, V. 2017. Mechanical transformations of living cavitary bodies. Biological Communications 62(2):103–155. https://doi.org/10.21638/11701/spbu03.2017.206

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Published
2018-08-29
How to Cite
Borkhvardt, V. (2018). Muscle contraction: theory and facts. Biological Communications, 63(2), 106–108. https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu03.2018.202
Section
Communications Arising