Biological role and health benefits of antioxidant compounds in cereals

  • Vadim Polonskiy Department of Landscape Architecture, Botany and Agroecology, Krasnoyarsk State Agricultural University, pr. Mira, 90, Krasnoyarsk, 660049, Russian Federation; Siberian Federal University, Svobodnyj pr., 79, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7183-0912
  • Igor Loskutov Federal Research Center N.I. Vavilov All-Russian Institute of Plant Genetic Resources, Bol'shaya Morskaya ul., 42–44, Saint Petersburg, 190000, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9250-7225
  • Alena Sumina Department of Geography and Geoecology, N.V. Katanov Khakass State University, ul. Lenina, 90, Abakan, 655000, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0466-6833

Abstract

Substances inhibiting or preventing oxidative damage in the target molecule are called antioxidants. It has been shown that antioxidants are substances that contribute to the prevention of a number of serious human diseases, and antioxidant activity is one of the important parameters for the quality of food products and ingredients. Phenolic compounds are of greatest importance for this review. It is now established that whole grain cereals contain a large number of bound polyphenols. It is known that cereals have high nutritional value, contain unsaturated fatty acids, basic mineral elements, proteins and β-glucans, and are also characterized by the presence of various chemical substances with antioxidant properties. In recent years, work has begun in some Western countries to study the content of antioxidants in various grains. In Russia, only a small amount of work has been devoted to the study of these important chemical compounds in grain crops. It should be noted that, although these species are considered to be one of the main components of human nutrition, research in the field of determining their antioxidant activity has not been sufficiently carried out. In order to attract the attention of plant growers, plant breeders, plant physiologists, geneticists and biotechnologists, we offer a review of current literature.

Keywords:

grain, wheat, barley, oats, rye, corn, rice, antioxidants, flavonoids, phenolic acids, health, genotype, environmental condition, breeding

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Published
2020-03-27
How to Cite
Polonskiy, V., Loskutov, I., & Sumina, A. (2020). Biological role and health benefits of antioxidant compounds in cereals. Biological Communications, 65(1), 53–67. https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu03.2020.105
Section
Review communications