Migration behaviour of fluoride in contaminated soils near ammophos production plant: laboratory studies

  • Andrey Litvinovich Agrophysical Research Institute, Grazhdanskiy pr., 14, Saint Petersburg, 195220, Russian Federation; Saint Petersburg State Agrarian University, Peterburgskoye shosse, 2, Saint Petersburg, 196601, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4580-1974
  • Olga Pavlova Agrophysical Research Institute, Grazhdanskiy pr., 14, Saint Petersburg, 195220, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5378-007X
  • Anton Lavrishchev Saint Petersburg State Agrarian University, Peterburgskoye shosse, 2, Saint Petersburg, 196601, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3086-2608
  • Vladimir Bure Agrophysical Research Institute, Grazhdanskiy pr., 14, Saint Petersburg, 195220, Russian Federation; Saint Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab., 7–9, Saint Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7018-4667
  • Elmira Saljnikov Soil Science Institute, Teodora Drajzera 7, Belgrade, 11000, Serbia; Mitscherlich Akademie für Bodenfruchtbarkeit (MITAK), GmbH, 14641, Paulinenaue, Prof.-Mitscherlich-Alle 1, Germany https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6497-2066


Fluoride contamination of irrigated alkaline soils (Irragric Anthrosols) is a common problem in the areas of vast cotton production in Uzbekistan. Large number of laboratory measurements using corresponding models allows deeper studying the fluoride mobility in contaminated soil in the vicinity of Ammophos production factory. In a series of column experiments the migration ability of fluoride was studied in Irragric Anthrosols of different particle size distribution and four different experiments using near neutral and acidic washing water in the low, moderate and highly contaminated soils. It has been established that studied soils, located in the zone of airborne emissions from the Ammophos production plants, have a weak fluoride-holding capacity. The intensity of fluoride migration was conditioned by the initial level of soil contamination. Repeated simulated irrigation of the soil didn’t result in complete removal of fluoride. At low contamination level (3.5 mg F/kg soil) on sandy-loam soil, concentration of fluoride increased with increasing of the volume of leaching moisture. With medium contamination level (6.1 mg F/kg soil) on a loamy soil, the average leaching rate was near zero throughout the measurement interval. At high contamination level (17.5 mg/kg) on heavy textured soil, the increase in the concentration of fluoride in the eluates was observed throughout the entire study interval and posed a threat of ground water contamination.


soil contamination, fluoride, migration, irrigation, modelling


Download data is not yet available.


Abdullaev, I., Giordano, M., and Rasulov, A. 2007. Cotton in Uzbekistan; pp. 102–188 in Kandiyoti, D. (ed.). The cotton sector in Central Asia. University of London, chapter 3.

Bower, C. A. and Hatcher, T. 1967. Adsorption of fluoride by soils and minerals. Soil Science 103(3):151–154. https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-196703000-00001

Brindha, K., Rajesh, R., Murugan, R., and Elango, L. 2011. Fluoride contamination in groundwater in parts of Nalgonda District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 172:481–492. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1348-0

Bure, V. M. 2007. Methodology of statistical analysis of empirical data. 141 pp. Izdatelstvo Sankt-Peterburgskogo Universiteta, St. Petersburg. (In Russian)

Dubrovina, I. V. and Kornblyum, E. A. 1984. Nature of soil absorption of fluorine fertilizers and meliorants. Pochvovedenie 9:23–29. (In Russian)

Djanibekov, N., Rudenko, R., Lamers, J. P. A., and Bobojonov, I. 2010. Pros and cons of cotton production in Uzbekistan. In: Pinstrup-Andersen, P.; Cheng, F. (eds.) Food policy for developing countries: Case studies. Cornell University, New York.

Elrashidi, M. A. and Lindsay, W. L. 1986. Chemical equilibria of fluoride in soils: a theoretical development. Soil Science 141(4):274–280. https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-198604000-00004

Frid, A. S. and Borisochkina, T. I. 2019. Fluoride: Migration mobility in technogenically polluted soils. Agrokhimiya 3:65–71. (In Russian)

Jacks, G., Bhattacharya, P., Chaudhary, V., and Singh, K. P. 2005. Controls on the genesis of some high-fluoride groundwaters in India. Applied Geochemistry 20:221–228. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2004.07.002

Jadewsz, D. 1976. Przemieszczanic z wiazkowfluoru w glebie. Prace z zakrezu nauk rolniczych XLI:81–85.

Jha, S. K., Nayak, A. K., and Sharma, Y. K. 2009. Fluoride occurrence and assessment of exposure dose of fluoride in shallow aquifers of Makur, Unnao district Uttar Pradesh, India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 156:561–566. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-008-0505-1

Huang, P. M. and Jackson, M. L. 1965. Mechanism of reaction of neutral fluoride solution with layer silicates and oxides of soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal 29(6):661–665. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1965.03615995002900060021x

Kabata-Pendias, A. and Mukherjee, A. B. 2007. Trace elements from soil to human. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-32714-1

Kim, K. and Jeong, G. T. 2005. Factors influencing natural occurence of fluoride-rich groundwaters: a case study in the southeastern part of the Korean Peninsula. Chemosphere 58:1399–1408. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.10.002

Kudzin, Yu. K. and Pashova, V. T. 1970. About fluoride content in soils and plants with long-term use of fertilizers. Pochvovedenie 2:74–79. (In Russian)

Lakshmi, D. V., Rao, K. J., Ramprakash, T., and Reddy, A. P. K. 2016. Monitoring of fluoride content in surface soils used for crop cultivation in Ramannapet Mandal of Nalgonda district, Telangana, India. Society for Environment and Development, (India) 11(2–4):59–67.

Larsen, S. and Widdowson, A. E. 1971. Soil fluorine. Soil Science 22:210–222. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1971.tb01608.x

Litvinovich, A. V., Pavlova, O. Yu., and Lavrishchev, A. V. 2001. Accumulation of fluoride by various agricultural crops during the liming of soddy-podzolic soil with conversion chalk. Agrokhimiya 2:74–78. (In Russian)

Litvinovich, A. V. and Pavlova, O. Yu. 2002. Fluoridein the soil-plant system under use of chemical reclamation and contamination of environment with technogenic emissions. Agrokhimiya 2:66–76. (In Russian)

Litvinovich, A. V., Pavlova, O. Yu., and Lavrischev, A. V. 1999. Migration of fluoridein soils of various natural and climatic regions. Agrokhimiya 6:74–81. (In Russian)

Marion, G. M., Henricks, D. M., Dutt, G. R., and Fuller, W. H. 1976. Aluminium and silica solubility in soils. Soil Science (2):76–85. https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-197602000-00003

Mirlean, N. and Roisenberg, A. 2007. Fluoride distribution in the environment along the gradient of a phosphate–fertilizer production emission (southern Brazil). Environmental Geochemistry and Health 29(3):179–187. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-006-9061-1

Mourad, N. M., Sharshar, T., Elnimr, T., and Mousa, M. A. 2009. Radioactivity and fluoride contamination derived from a phosphate fertilizer plant in Egypt. Applied Radiation and Isotopes 67:1259–1268. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apradiso.2009.02.025

Murugesh, S., Kiyoshi, O., Darchen, A., and Sivasankar, V. 2016, Chapter 7. Proposed Mechanisms on Fluoride Sorption; 223 pp., in V. Sivasankar (ed.), XIII, Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-40686-2_8

Ozsvath, D. L. 2009. Fluoride and environmental health: a review. Reviews in Environmental Science and Bio/Technology 8:59–79. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11157-008-9136-9

Pérez–López, R., Nieto, J. M., Coto, I. L., Aguado, J. L., Bolivar, J. P., and Santisteban, M. 2010. Dynamics of contaminants in phosphogypsum of the fertilizer industry of Huelva (SW Spain): from phosphate rock ore to the environment. Applied Geochemistry 25(5):705–715. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2010.02.003

Pickering, W. F. 1985. The mobility of soluble fluoride in soils. Environmental Pollution Series B, Chemical and Physical 9(4):281–308. https://doi.org/10.1016/0143-148X(85)90004-7

Poulsen, R. 2011. The effect of fluoride pollution on soil microorganisms; 42 pp.10 ECTS thesis, University of Iceland, Reykjavik.

Rezaei, M., Nikbakht, M., and Shakeri A. 2017. Geochemistry and sources of fluoride and nitrate contamination of ground water in Lar area, south Iran. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 24(18):15471–15487. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-9108-0

Samofalova, I. A. and Rogiznaya, J. A. 2013. The practical laboratories for chemical analysis of soils: textbook. 133 pp. Perm. (In Russian)

Savenko, A. V. and Savenko, V. S. 2019. Water-soluble fluoride in soil. Agrokhimiya 3:61–64. (In Russian)

Semendyaeva, N. V. and Zheronkina, L. A. 1988. Effect of fluorideand phosphorus on the yield and chemical composition of oat cultivated in solonetzes. Agrokhimiya 4:57–63. (In Russian)

Sivasankar, V., Darchen, A., Omine, K., and Sakthivel, R. 2016. Fluoride: a world ubiquitous compound, its chemistry, and ways of contamination. Chapter 2, In Surface modified carbons as scavengers for fluoride from water; 223 p in V. Sivasankar (ed.), XIII, Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-40686-2_2

Smidt, G. A., Koschinsky, A., De Carvalho, L. M., Monserrat, J., and Schnug, E. 2011. Heavy metal concentrations in soils in the vicinity of a fertilizer factory in Southern Brazil. Landbauforschung 61(4):353–364.

Tayibi, H., Choura, M., Lopez, F. A., Alguacil, F. J., and Lopez-Delgado, A. 2009. Environmental impact and management of phosphogypsum. Journal of Environmental Management 90(8):2377–2386. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.03.007

WHO, 2004. Guidelines for drinking water quality. Reccomendations, vol 1. World Health Organization, Geneva.

WRB, 2015. World Reference Base of Soil resources. World Soil resources Reports 106 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; 192 p. Rome. Italy.

How to Cite
Litvinovich, A., Pavlova, O., Lavrishchev, A., Bure, V., & Saljnikov, E. (2020). Migration behaviour of fluoride in contaminated soils near ammophos production plant: laboratory studies. Biological Communications, 64(4), 270–278. https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu03.2019.406
Full communications

Most read articles by the same author(s)