New data on the morphological and anatomical structure, chemical composition and distribution area of a rare species Komarovia anisosperma in Uzbekistan

  • Dilovar Khamraeva Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan, ul. Durmon Yuli, 32, Tashkent, 100125, Republic of Uzbekistan
  • Mansur Usmonov Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan, ul. Durmon Yuli, 32, Tashkent, 100125, Republic of Uzbekistan; Department of Biology Education, Kongju National University, Gongju, 32582, South Korea
  • Rainer Bussmann Department of Ethnobotany, Institute of Botany and Bakuriani Alpine Botanical Garden, Ilia State University, ul. Botanikuri, 1, Tbilisi, 0105, Georgia
  • Elvira Khalilova S. Yu. Yunusov Institute of the Chemistry of Plant Substances, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan, ul. Mirzo Ulugbek, 77, Tashkent, 100170, Republic of Uzbekistan
  • Ulugbek Kodirov Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan, ul. Durmon Yuli, 32, Tashkent, 100125, Republic of Uzbekistan


For the first time, the morphological and anatomical structure of vegetative and generative organs, the localization of secretory ducts in the underground and aboveground parts of the species plants were studied. New GIS technologies were used to elucidate the spatial structure of the rare endemic species Komarovia anisosperma of the monotypic genus Komarovia Korovin of the Apiaceae family. The performed analysis showed the most significant diagnostic features of the studied organs, such as a deep taproot system, the presence of a multi-branched caudex, underdeveloped stem leaves or stem leaves reduced to sheaths, the central cylinder of the main root showing separate concentric circles of large and small vascular bundles, the presence of numerous secretory ducts in the secondary root cortex, strongly elongated palisade leaf cells etc. As a result of phytochemical study, extracts of Komarovia anisosperma roots and inflorescences were analyzed. According to our data, the main component of underground organs from terpenes was α-muurolene, and for inflorescences it was α-curcumene. Grid mapping showed that the species is mainly concentrated in the Samarkand and Kashkadarya regions, where the most favorable conditions for its growth are found. These areas are the natural area of origin of the species, and the establishment of a protected natural area has led to an increase in the number of natural populations.


anatomy, coumarins, gas-chromatography, GIS technology, grid mapping, Komarovia anisosperma, leaf, root, secretory ducts, terpenes


Download data is not yet available.


Abramova, L. A., Volkova, P. A., Borisova, P. B., and Mitireva, E. A. 2011. Preliminary results of grid mapping of the flora of the Udomelsky district of the Tver region. Tver State University Bulletin. Series: Biology and Ecology 24:127–143. (In Russian)

Amiri, M. S. and Joharchi, M. R. 2016. Ethnobotanical knowledge of Apiaceae family in Iran: A review. Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine 6(6):621–635.

Bani, B. and Idman, D. 2020. New morphological and anatomical data on the genus Fuernrohria (Apiaceae). Phytotaxa 429 (1):048–056.

Barykina, R. P. and Chubatova, N. V. 2005. Great workshop on botany (Ecological anatomy of flowering plants.) 77 pp. T‑vo nauchnykh izdanii Publ. Moscow. (In Russian)

Bouchra, S.-A., Talou, T., Saad, Z., Hijazi, A., and Merah, O. 2017. The Apiaceae: Ethnomedicinal family as source for industrial uses. Industrial Crops and Products 109:661–671.

Downie, S. R., Spalik, K., Katz-Downie, D. S., and Reduron, J. P. 2010. Major clades within Apiaceae subfamily Apioideae as inferred by phylogenetic analysis of nrDNA ITS sequences. Plant Diversity and Evolution 128(1–2):111–136.

Fedoseeva, L. M. and Bashar, D. B. 2016. The study of saponins in the underground organs of Ferula hermonis. Chemistry of Plant Raw Materials 1:181–184.

Gärdenfors, U., Hilton-Taylor, C., Mace, G. M., and Rodríguez, J. P. 2001. The Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional Levels. Conservation Biology 15(5):1206–1212.

Grishutkin, O. G. 2013. Possibilities of applying GIS technology in botanical research. Bulletin of the Mordovian University 3–4:16–20. (In Russian)

Idman, M., Ulusoy, F., Karakaya, M., and Bani, B. 2019. Comparative vegetative anatomy of the genera Grammosciadium, Caropodium and Vinogradovia (Apiaceae) in Turkey. Phytotaxa 427(1):9–21.

Imanbaeva, A. A., Sarsenbaev, K. N., and Sagyndykova, M. S. 2015. Anatomical structure of the aboveground and underground organs of Ferula foetida (Bunge) Regel in natural populations of Mangystau. Siberian Ecological Journal 6:899–908. (In Russian)

IUCN. 2010. Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional Levels: Version 4.0. IUCN Species Survival Commission. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Khalilova, E. Kh., Bobakulov, H. M., Aripova, F. S., and Abdullaev, N. D. 2013. Secondary metabolites of Ferula foetida. Chemistry of Natural Compounds 49(1):141–142.

Khamraeva, D. T. 2018. Structure of leaves and localization of secretory ducts in Sphaerosciadium denaense (Apiaceae). Turczaninowia 21(2):5–12. (In Russian)

Khamraeva, D. T. 2019. Comparative study of underground organs of Kamelinia tianschanica and Korshinskya olgae (Apiaceae). Turczaninowia 22(4):57–69. (In Russian)

Korovin, E. P. 1939. Komarovia Eug. Kor. A new Asian genus family Umbelliferae. In the book: to the President of the USSR Academy of Sciences (Academician Vladimir Leontyevich Komarov in connection with his 70th birthday) Leningrad, pp. 427–428. (In Russian)

Korovin, E. P. 1959. Umbelliferae; pp. 257–470 in Flora of Uzbekistan. Vol. 4. Fan. Tashkent. (In Russian)

Krasilnikov, P. K. 1968. The subterranean organs of Angelica descending Ledeb. Proceedings of the Botanical Institute Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Leningrad 5(15):36–106. (In Russian)

Mamadalieva, N. Z., Siddikov, D. R., and Sagdullaev, Sh. S. 2018. Medicinal plants of the Apiaceae and Rutaceae families from the Chimgan mountains (Uzbekistan): Ethnopharmacology, Chemical Composition and Biological Activities. Current Traditional Medicine 4(3).

Nakanishi, K. 1962. Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy. 233 pp. Tokyo Kyoiku University. Tokyo.

Nesmeyanova, A. D. 1960. Comparative anatomical study of leaves of two Ferula species. Botanical Journal V(XLV):1542–1546. (In Russian)

Parisa, S. 2014. Traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological properties of the genus Peucedanum: A review. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 156:235–270.

Petrova, S. E. 2015. Life forms of Apiaceae in central Russia. Nordic Journal of Botany 33(6):747–753.

Pimenov, M. G. 2009. Komarovia anisosperma Korovin; pp. 116–117 in Red Book of the Republic of Uzbekistan: Rare and endangered species of plants and animals (Plants and mushrooms). Vol. 1. Chinor ENK Publ. Tashkent. (In Russian)

Pimenov, M. G. and Kluykov, E. V. 1981. Materials for the taxonomy of Korshinskya, Physospermum, Astomatopsis and related genera Umbelliferae — Smyrnieae s. str. Botanical Journal 66(4):465–482. (In Russian)

Pimenov, M. G., Shneyer, V. S., Valiejo-Roman, K. M., Terentieva, E. I., and Troitsky, A. V. 1999. Komarovia Korovin: a multidisciplinary study of a genus of uncertain position. Komarovia 1:61–73.

Podlogar, J. A. and Verspohl, E. J. 2012. Antiinflammatory effects of ginger and some of its components in human bronchial epithelial (BEAS-2B) cells. Phytotherapy Research 26(3):333–336.

Safina, L. K. and Isaeva, S. N. 1981a. To the anatomy of Ferula iliensis. Tidings of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR 2:85–86. (In Russian)

Safina, L. K. and Isaeva, S. N. 1981b. Anatomical analysis of the vegetative organs of two endemic species of Ferula. Tidings of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR 6:8–16. (In Russian)

Safina, L. K. and Isaeva, S. N. 1985. About the plasticity of Ferula leaf. Tidings of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR 4:91–93. (In Russian)

Safina, L. K., and Isaeva, S. N. 1988. Features of the anatomical structure of Ferula leaf; рр. 142–152 in Study of medical plants in Kazakhstan. Alma-Ata. (In Russian)

Seregin, A. P. 2014. The spatial structure of the flora of the Vladimir region. Dr. Sci. in Biological Sciences thesis, Moscow, 518 pp. (In Russian)

Shipitsyna, O. S., Efremov, A. A., and Narchuganov, A. N. 2013. Determination of coumarins and furocoumarins in various vegetative organs of Angelica decurrens (Ledeb.) Fedtsch. by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Sorption and Chromatographic Processes 13(6):928–938. (In Russian)

Shishkin, B. K. 1952. Umbelliferae — Umbel; pp. 223–225 in Flora of the USSR. Vol. 16. Academy of Sciences of the USSR Press. Moscow; Leningrad. (In Russian)

Sokolova, A. I., Sklyar, Yu. E., Perelson, M. E., and Pimenov, M. G. 1976. Furocoumarins Komarovia anisospermum. Chemistry of Natural Compounds 1:166–169. (In Russian)

Tkachenko, K. G. 2013. Essential oil plants of the Apiaceae, Asteraceae and Lamiaceae families in the North-West of Russia (biological features, composition and prospects of using essential oils). Dr. Sci. in Biological Sciences thesis abstract, St. Petersburg, 40 pp. (In Russian)

Tojibaev, K. Sh., Beshko, N. Yu., and Popov, N. Yu. 2016. Botanical-geographical regionalization of Uzbekistan. Botanical Journal 101(10):1105–1132. (In Russian)

Tojibaev, K. Sh., Beshko, N. Yu., Qodirov, U. X., and Akbarov, F. I. 2019. Endemic and rare species of the flora and identification of key botanical territories in the western part of Zerafshan range. Bulletin of Gulistan State University, Series Natural and Agricultural Sciences 4:9–20. (In Russian)

Tunçtürk, M. and Özgökçe, F. 2015. Chemical composition of some Apiaceae plants commonly used in herby cheese in Eastern Anatolia. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 39:55–62.

Tuyrina, E. V., Guskova, I. N., and Valutskaya, A. G. 1976. Apiaceae of Southern Siberia as a material for introduction. 256 pp. Nauka Publ. Novosibirsk. (In Russian)

Usmonov, M. X., Tojibaev, K. Sh., Jang, C-G., and Sennikov, A. N. 2021. Species conservation profile and amended distribution of Cousinia knorringiae (Asteraceae), a narrow endemic of the Western Tian-Shan. Biodiversity Data Journal 9:e64115.

Vasilev, A. E. 1977. Functional morphology of plant secretory cells. 206 pp. Nauka Publ. Leningrad. (In Russian)

Vieira, J. N., Gonçalves, C. L., Villarreal, J. P. V., Gonçalves, V. M., Lund, R. G., Freitag, R. A., Silva, A. F., and Nascente, P. S. 2018. Chemical composition of essential oils from the Apiaceae family, cytotoxicity, and their antifungal activity in vitro against candida species from oral cavity. Brazilian Journal of Biology 1–6.

Wiley Registry, 8th Edition / NIST. 2005 Mass spectral library. 2006.

Zakirov, K. Z. 1955. Flora and vegetation of the Zeravshan river basin. Vol. 1. 205 pp. Academy of Sciences of the Uzbek SSR Press. Tashkent. (In Russian)

Zakirov, K. Z. 1962. Flora and vegetation of the Zeravshan river basin. Vol. 2. 446 pp. Academy of Sciences of the Uzbek SSR Press. Tashkent. (In Russian)

Zaytsev, G. N. 1990. Mathematics in experimental botany. 296 pp. Nauka Publ. Moscow. (In Russian)

How to Cite
Khamraeva, D., Usmonov, M., Bussmann, R., Khalilova, E., & Kodirov, U. (2023). New data on the morphological and anatomical structure, chemical composition and distribution area of a rare species <em>Komarovia anisosperma</em&gt; in Uzbekistan. Biological Communications, 68(1), 10–20.
Full communications