Age differences in the properties of viperous snake venom of the Volga river basin

  • Tatyana Atyasheva Institute of Ecology of Volga river Basin, Russian Academy of Sciences, 10, ul. Komzina, Toglyatti, 445003, Russian Federation
  • Andrey Malenyov Institute of Ecology of Volga river Basin, Russian Academy of Sciences, 10, ul. Komzina, Toglyatti, 445003, Russian Federation
  • Roman Gorelov Institute of Ecology of Volga river Basin, Russian Academy of Sciences, 10, ul. Komzina, Toglyatti, 445003, Russian Federation
  • Anastasiya Klyonina Institute of Ecology of Volga river Basin, Russian Academy of Sciences, 10, ul. Komzina, Toglyatti, 445003, Russian Federation
  • Andrey Bakiev Institute of Ecology of Volga river Basin, Russian Academy of Sciences, 10, ul. Komzina, Toglyatti, 445003, Russian Federation

Abstract

The Volga river basin is inhabited by two species of vipers: eastern steppe viper Vipera renardi and the common adder V. berus. Th e article provides information about the age differences of biochemical properties of viper’s snake venom. It also shows for each species that the protease activity in the snake venom of newborn vipers is significantly higher than in that of adults. All venom samples of the newborn eastern steppe vipers were colorless, with zero activity of L-amino acid oxidase. All venom samples of the newborn common adders were yellow in color, but in comparison with adults they have less active L-amino acid oxidase. Refs 11. Tables 3.

Keywords:

Vipera renardi, Vipera berus, snake venoms, protease, L-amino acid oxidase

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
 

References

Kukushkin O. V., Bakiev A. G., Malenev A. L. Nekotorye biokhimicheskie kharakteristiki iada stepnoi gadiuki is Feodosiiskikh stepei (Krym) [Some biochemical characteristics of steppe viper venom from Theodosiyan steppes (the Crimea)]. Izvestiia Samarskogo nauchnogo tsentra RAN [News of the Samara centre of science of the Russian Academy of Sciences], 2012, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 158–162. (In Russian)

Bakiev A. G., Garanin V. I., Gelashvili D. B., Gorelov R. A., Doronin I. V., Zaitseva O. V., Zinenko A. I., Klenina A. A., Makarova T. N., Malenev A. L., Pavlov A. V., Petrova I. V., Ratnikov V. Iu., Starkov V. G., Shiriaeva I. V., Iusupov R. Kh., Iakovleva T. I. Gadiuki (Reptilia: Serpentes: Viperidae: Vipera) Volzhskogo basseina. Chast' 1 [Vipers (Reptilia: Serpentes: Viperidae: Vipera) of the Volga river Basin. Part 1]. Tol'iatti, Kassandra, 2015. 234 p. (In Russian)

Malenev A. L., Makarova T. N., Gorelov R. A. Osobennosti iadovitogo sekreta gadiuki Renara (Vipera renardi) iz Volgogradskoi oblasti [Some characteristics of the venom of renards viper (Vipera renardi) from the Volgograd region]. Izvestiia Samarskogo nauchnogo tsentra RAN [News of the Samara centre of science of the Russian Academy of Sciences], 2014, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 261–265. (In Russian)

Nedospasov A. A., Rodina E. V. Age changes of Vipera berus venom amidolytic activity. Toxicon, 1992, vol. 30, pp. 1505–1508.

Mackessy S. P. Venom ontogeny in the Pacific Rattlesnakes Crotalus viridis helleri and C. v. oreganus. Copea, 1988, no. 1, pp. 92–101.

Minton S. A., Weinstein S. A. Geographic and ontogenic variation in venom of the western diamondback rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox). Toxicon, 1986, vol. 24, pp. 71–80.

Murata Y., Satake M., Suzuki T. Studies on snake venom. XII. Distribution of proteinase activities among Japanese and Formosan snake venoms. J. Biochem., 1963, vol. 53, no. 6, pp. 431–437.

Iad gadiuki obyknovennoi sukhoi. Vremennaia farmakopeinaia stat'ia: VFS 42-3026-98 [Dry venom of common adder. Temporary Pharmacopeial Article: TPA 42-3026-98]. Moscow, 1998. 23 p. (In Russian)

Wellner D., Lichtenberg L. A. Assay of amino acid oxidase. J. Biochem., 1966, vol. 5, no. 1585, pp. 593–596.

Wellner D., Meister A. Crystalline L-amino acid oxidase of Crotalus adamanteus. J. Biochem., 1960, vol. 235, no. 7, pp. 2013–2018.

Orlov B. N., Gelashvili D. B., Ibragimov A. K. Iadovitye zhivotnye i rasteniia SSSR [Poisonous animals and plants of the USSR]. Moscow, Vysshaia shkola Publ., 1990. 272 p. (In Russian)
Published
2016-09-26
How to Cite
Atyasheva, T., Malenyov, A., Gorelov, R., Klyonina, A., & Bakiev, A. (2016). Age differences in the properties of viperous snake venom of the Volga river basin. Biological Communications, (3), 15–19. https://doi.org/10.21638/11701/spbu03.2016.303
Section
Full communications