Diversity and distribution patterns of antennal sensilla in Hydropsychidae (Insecta, Trichoptera)

  • Kseniia Abu Diiak Department of Entomology, Faculty of Biology, Saint Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab., 7–9, Saint Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2642-2247
  • Mikhail Valuyskiy Department of Entomology, Faculty of Biology, Saint Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab., 7–9, Saint Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9493-3626
  • Stanislav Melnitsky Department of Entomology, Faculty of Biology, Saint Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab., 7–9, Saint Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4535-1886
  • Vladimir Ivanov Department of Entomology, Faculty of Biology, Saint Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab., 7–9, Saint Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3294-4965

Abstract

Structure and distribution of antennal sensilla were studied in males of 19 species of the caddisfly family Hydropsychidae by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Eleven types of sensilla were found: long trichoid, chaetoid, thick chaetoid, curved trichoid, coronary, basiconic, styloconic and four types of pseudoplacoid sensilla (mushroom-like, auricillic, ribbed, and T-shaped). Thick chaetoid, ribbed pseudoplacoid, and T-shaped pseudoplacoid sensilla were found only in Macronematinae. The great diversity of pseudoplacoid sensilla originated from a mushroom-like type, which also has a variable structure. Basal flagellomeres in the majority of studied species are equipped with ventrally positioned sensory fields of curved trichoid sensilla. In contrast to Arctopsychinae and Hydropsychinae, the increased number of these sensilla in the fields was noted for Diplectroninae and Smicrideinae. Most Macronematinae show a reduction of sensory fields and a strongly decreased average number of curved trichoid sensilla on distal segments. The great differences found in the studied family probably indicate a rapid function-related evolution of the antennal sensory surface structures in the caddisfly family Hydropsychidae.

Keywords:

sensilla, antenna, Hydropsychidae, Trichoptera

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Published
2021-12-30
How to Cite
Abu Diiak, K., Valuyskiy, M., Melnitsky, S., & Ivanov, V. (2021). Diversity and distribution patterns of antennal sensilla in Hydropsychidae (Insecta, Trichoptera). Biological Communications, 66(4), 302–315. https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu03.2021.403
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